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Heat Exhaustion

Signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion:

- increased thirst
- weakness and extreme tiredness
- fainting <https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/fainting-sheet.html>
- muscle cramps
- nausea and vomiting <https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/vomit.html>
- irritability
- headache <https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/headache.html>
- increased sweating
- cool, clammy skin
- body temperature rises, but to less than 105°F (40.5°C)

Of heatstroke:

- severe headache
- weakness, dizziness
- confusion
- fast breathing and heartbeat
- loss of consciousness (passing out)
- seizures <https://kidshealth.org/en/parents/seizure.html>
- little or no sweating
- flushed, hot, dry skin
- body temperature rises to 105°F (40.5°C) or higher

What to Do

If your child has symptoms of heatstroke, *get emergency medical care
immediately*.

For cases of heat exhaustion or while awaiting help for a child with
possible heatstroke:

- Bring the child indoors or into the shade immediately.
- Undress the child.
- Have the child lie down; raise the feet slightly.
- If the child is alert, place in a lukewarm bath or spray with lukewarm
water.
- If the child is alert and coherent, give frequent sips of cool, clear
fluids.
- If the child is vomiting, turn onto his or her side to prevent choking.

Think Prevention!

- Teach kids to always drink plenty of liquids before and during any
activity in hot, sunny weather — even if they aren't thirsty.
- Make sure kids wear light-colored, loose clothing in warm weather.
- Remind kids to look for shaded areas and rest often while outside.
- Don't let kids participate in heavy activity outdoors during the
hottest hours of the day.
- Teach kids to come indoors immediately whenever they feel overheated.

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